Difference Between Human Values, Moral, Ethics, Principles and Conduct with Examples
by Sridhar Chandrasekaran Definition List of Personal Values Examples List of Personal Values Examples Values: A set of belief (either in a society or individual) Moral: Distinction between right and Wrong Principles: A set of rules and regulations Ethics: To follow the principles Conduct: Behavior For Example You are a surgeon and one morning, at 4,o clock, you get an emergency call from your hospital to attend an accident patient who is critical. So, you have to be in the hospital as soon as possible. As you drive to the hospital, there is red signal in a traffic early morning 6'o clock and there are no vehicles on the road. The principle is, "You are suppose to stop your vehicle when there is a red signal", Ethics is to follow the principle. That is, you have to stop at the signal until it goes green. There are two options you have: 1) Wait until red goes green. But longer you wait, critical the person becomes. 2) Break the signal to save your patient. The decision you take is moral. Moral is the distinction between right and wrong. You say to yourself, "As my patient is suffering, it is fine to break the traffic signal and it is not unethical as I'm breaking the rule to save a person and above all, there are no vehicles or people on the road." However, if you have a strong value of not breaking the legal rules, you will wait for the traffic signal to go green even if your patient is dying. You behavior during any situation is your conduct. Intrapersonal intelligence is how much a person is aware of himself/herself and how well it is managed . Some of the characteristics of intrapersonal intelligence include personal values, personal motivation, personal initiatives Personal Values Some people explicitly articulate personal values in writing and follows it even during the most challenging life situations while others portray it through their admiring behavior without verbalizing it during the different life roles they play that includes a relative, a friend or a citizen. Core personal values simply convey the way any person behaves during good and bad times. It can be derived by studying the past behavioral characteristics or by understanding the future motives of a person. Example of Identifying Personal Value by knowing the Past Characteristics Some people are aware of their personal values, they apply it consciously(Intellectually) while others follow values subconsciously (Intuitively or instinctively). How to Identify your personal values Patiently recall your past actions to identify your behavior in certain life situations. You persistent behavior is the result of your personal value. Example If you have a history of being honest even during the most challenging situations, your personal value could be "Trust" Developing Personal Value Through Foresight (Future Motives) This person's dream is to contribute to the general public and the society. Keeping this aspiration in mind, you can derive the value, “Social responsibility” as a part of a person's self values. However, you must have perseverance in upholding these values even during the most challenging situations. Here is a brief list of Personal Values examples:- Commitment Sharing attitude Learning Social responsibility Foresightedness Result driven Inventiveness Resourcefulness Availability Determination Politeness and Courtesy Privacy Liability and legality Openness and trust Confidentiality Equality Honesty Result focused Acknowledgement Contemplation Security Money Order Meaning Aesthetics Clarity Perseverance Persistence Consistence Time Fun Adventure Flexibility Reliability Integrity Determination Courage Spirit Encouragement Diversity of language, gender etc… Many people articulate values using mnemonics and acronyms so that it is stored in the long memory. For example, this persons' personal value can be recalled using CLASS acronym that stands for :- Caring Learning Achieving Social responsibility Sharing Yet another person communicates his values using an acronym, RADAR that stands for: Responsibility Availability Determination Achieving Reliability There are several advantages when people live by their values are: It enhances the intrapersonal and interpersonal skills of an individual His/her mistakes could be articulated clearly He portrays predictable behavior. Interpersonal conflicts can be avoided as your behavior becomes predictable because you uphold certain personal values and people are certain about your behavior. You will get clarity of your intrapersonal attitude that includes self-respect and self-esteem and also eliminates self-doubt. You will be able to maturely handle criticism, blame and complaints that are posed on you. You communication and presentation will be focussed, clear and authoritative especially during conflicts and conflict resolution as you are aware of your personal values. You will not be influenced by people and situations and you make decisions quickly, without regret or guilt as you believe in your personal values. You will have courage to either disagree or agree with people, say boldly, "Yes" or, "No" respectively even if others have opposing opinions. Does Values Change from Time to Time Ideally, values remain unchanged when people are consciously aware of it. However, you can change your core values, if values are inherent, influenced or subconscious in the past and you like to change it in the future. However, it takes time. Are There any Right/Wrong Values There are no right or wrong values. It depends on the society that you live. For example If you live around people who believe in god, you will be accepted, complimented and respected if you too believe in god; otherwise, there will be a conflict and your will be criticized as, "You are wrong", if you say, "I don't believe in God" because the society believes in God. How to Understand Other's Values Being in a society for some time will help identity the societies' values. Get information about other person's beliefs, opinions, and thoughts by communicating and building rapport with them. Ask questions, listen to them attentively to know their values. During conflicting situations, look forward for oral and non-oral communication cues such as their voice, tone of voice, and other non-verbal communication cues such as gestures, facial expressions and body-language. How to Harmonize with Others' / Societies Values When your values clash with other person's values, tell them politely by using kind words yet be assertive about your point. Also know what not to say, words, phrases and statements that may hurt the other person's values. It is also possible to change a person's values by either persuading them or influencing them.